How to Grow Butterfly Bush from Seed

how-to-grow-butterfly-bush-from-seed
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Did you know that it’s actually pretty simple to grow Butterfly Bush from seed? Although the seeds are very tiny, they’re not difficult to collect.

In some areas the Butterfly Bush (Buddleia davidii) is considered invasive and grows like weeds along roadsides. However, you’ll likely find at least one in every butterfly gardener’s landscape. Butterfly bush is known to readily self-seed but in a mulched bed the tiny seedlings will have a difficult time reaching daylight. As such propagating them in containers may be a better option. If you’re looking to increase the amount of Butterfly Bushes in your garden on the cheap then to propagate from seed is the way to go!

Collecting Butterfly Bush Seed

butterfly-bush-spent-blooms

The seeds of the Butterfly Bush can be collected throughout the year as the blooms wither. Spent blooms will turn from green to brown and contain dozens of little seed pods. Inside each of the pods will be several tiny seeds. When I say they’re tiny I mean they are really tiny. To the naked eye it’s difficult to decipher seed from chaff.

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Gathering Seeds At The Right Time

Timing is important. You want to collect the spent blooms before the seed pods completely dry out but before they crack open. Equally important, be sure the entire bloom has turned brown to ensure the seeds are mature and viable. After gathering the spent blooms, bring them indoors and place them on a paper plate in an area free of drafts to let them dry out completely. Once fully dry the little seed pods will be spread open resembling little brown flowers (pictured above). At this point you can just hold the dried blossom over the paper plate and tap it gently. The seeds will easily fall out.

butterfly-bush-seeds

If the seed pods have already split open you can also attempt to collect seeds without removing the spent bloom. The seeds fall out really easily so attempting to remove the blooms once the pods are already open would likely result in losing all the seeds. At this point just hold a container or paper plate under the dried flower and give it a tap. Be sure and do this on a windless day.

By using some form of magnification, I used my phone camera, you can see that the seeds of the Butterfly Bush are tapered on both sides. The dark spot in the middle is the embryo of the seed. You’d be surprised how many seeds you can get from just one spent bloom.

Grow Butterfly Bush from Seed

Ok you’ve done the hard part, now let’s grow butterfly bush from seed. I recommend using seed starting trays to germinate the seeds. Fill them with seed starting mix. It’s best to moisten the soil before sowing the seed.

butterfly-bush-seedlings-sprouted

Assuming you harvested the seeds at the proper time they should be mature and viable. This should yield excellent germination rates. Just put a few of the butterfly bush seeds on top of the soil of each cell. By placing just a few seeds you’ll reduce the need to thin out the seedlings later. Don’t bury the seeds, you only need to lightly press them onto the top of the soil.

To ensure the seeds don’t dry out you should place the containers under a humidity dome or cover them with plastic. Butterfly Bush seeds need light to germinate which can be provided from a grow light or in a windowsill with indirect sunlight. Be sure and check out our page on the best grow lights for seed starting.

Butterfly Bush Germination

My experience with growing Butterfly Bush from seed is that they typically germinate within about a week if kept at least 70F. As you can imagine, since the seeds are tiny the initial sprouts will be very tiny as well. Once germination occurs the seedlings gain size fairly rapidly.

You may have multiple seeds that germinate in each container. After about two weeks you can thin them down to one seedling per cell or container. It’s best to just cut the extra seedling off at soil level with scissors so as not to disturb the roots of the desired seedling.

butterfly-bush-seedling-in4-inch-pot

Seedlings can be transplanted to 4″ nursery pots after about 2-4 weeks. By this time, they should have multiple sets of true leaves. Once moved into the larger container you can fertilize if you choose. Just be sure and start out with about half strength fertilizer.

Your Butterfly Bush seedlings should be ready to transplant into the garden once you see some roots starting to grow out the bottom of the container.

If you start to grow butterfly bush from seed early enough before spring, they will flower the same year. Most varieties of butterfly bush are perennial down to Zone 5.

Did you know that you can grow large butterfly bush plants in containers.

Conclusion

Growing a Butterfly Bush from seed is a cost-effective way to increase the number of these beautiful, butterfly-attracting plants in your garden. By collecting tiny seeds from spent blooms, carefully germinating them, and nurturing the seedlings, you can enjoy these robust plants blooming in your garden the same year.

Once your grown, remember to maintain its health and enhance its blooming by following proper techniques for pruning butterfly bushes.

How to Grow Butterfly Bush From Seed – FAQ

Is butterfly bush easy to grow from seed?

Butterfly bush is moderately easy to grow from seed. It requires well-drained soil and ample sunlight. Seeds should be sown in early spring and lightly covered with soil. Regular watering and warmth are essential for germination. Patience is key, as germination can be slow.

How long does it take for a butterfly bush to grow?

A butterfly bush typically takes about one to two years to reach maturity when grown from seed. It grows quickly once established, often reaching full size within a few growing seasons. Initial growth is slower, but it accelerates as the plant establishes its root system. Don’t forget, butterfly bush is a perennial.

How do I get seeds from my butterfly bush?

To collect seeds from a butterfly bush, wait until the flower spikes fade and dry in late summer or early fall. Cut the dried flower heads and gently shake them over a container to release the seeds. Store the seeds in a cool, dry place until planting.

Do butterfly bush seeds need cold stratification?

Butterfly bush seeds generally do not require cold stratification. They can be sown directly in the soil in spring without pre-treatment. However, in colder climates or for specific varieties, a period of cold stratification may improve germination rates.

Do butterfly bushes bloom the first year?

Butterfly bushes may not bloom in their first year, especially if grown from seed. They often spend the first growing season developing roots and foliage. In subsequent years, once established, they will produce abundant blooms throughout the summer and into fall.

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